Nonfiction Book Club

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(Kevin A.)  The initial picture is just the string of marbles are all black. However there is one that is blue, that one is the outlier. This picture was chosen because the one outlier, or blue marble, is amongst many others like themselves. Although it is what they do that makes them different, an outlier. The burst of light around the blue marble is just there for pure emphasis. As an outlier would deserve. Being the best at what they do is the defining trait in an outlier. Although it’s not always talent that gets you to be recognized as an outlier. Chance and opportunity is an extremely important factor in the success of an outlier to be. The stars in the bursts of light represent this. The old saying, “Stars Align,” describes this perfectly. For example, it was destiny that the university that Bill Gates went to have a computer lab open 24-7 to the students, (This was extremely rare at the time that Bill Gates attended). Along with the opportunities provided a massive amount of experience is required to be an outlier. The clock around the blue marble represents how time revolves around them. The 10,000 hour rule is directly represented by the clock. Bill Gates sometimes didn’t sleep to be programming on the computers every night. For several years he logged well over 10,000 hours, which is an expected amount of practice to achieve mastery at something, the 10,000 hour rule commonly applies to many outliers’ stories.

(Cesar C.) In Outliers, the author, Malcolm Gladwell demonstrates why some people are able to achieve success, while others are not. He takes you on an astounding journey through the minds of geniuses, CEO’s, children and will leave you in awe. As you progress through the book,  Gladwell thoroughly explains what exactly differentiates outliers from the rest of the world and how they’ve managed to achieve success.

(Enrique R.) :

1) Pinnacle (n.): the highest or culminating point, as of success

Syn : Climax              

Sent : This is the pinnacle of his career and he won’t  win another major.

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2) Invigorate (v.): give strength or energy to

Syn : energize

Sent : The aim is to invigorate the health-insurance market by drawing more people  into it.

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3) Arbitrary (adj.): subject to individual will or judgment with out restriction

Syn : opinion

Sent : The result is that these teachings are completely arbitrary.

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4) Cosmopolitan (adj.): free from local, provincial or natural ideas, prejudices, or attachments

Syn : Universal, world-wide

Sent : It relied heavily on credit and foreign investments in its drive to turn itself into a cosmopolitan center.

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5) Desultory (adj.): lacking in consistency

Syn : Unstable

Sent : It helps that he is by nature a desultory, recessive fellow. 

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6) Patronage (n): Financial support or business provided to a store

Syn : services

Sent : These are places and businesses worthy of your patronage.

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7) Algorithm (n.) a set of rules for solving a problem in a certain amount of steps

Syn : Formula

Sent : The company uses an algorithm to figure out how long it will take for any order.

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8) Laureates (n.) person who has been honored for achieving distinction in a particular field

Syn : Winner

Sent : Moreover, the two laureates themselves are hardly unblemished heroes of the scientific community

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9) Cultivate (v.) to prepare and work on land

Syn : Farm

Sent : They have no house to inhabit, no land to cultivate, nor any domestic charge or care

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10) Equivocal (adj.) allowing the possibility of several different meanings

Syn :uncertain

Sent : The evidence presented was at its best equivocal.

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(Enrique R.) : Analysis

In this book we learn what it means to be an Outlier and how they came to their success. The author gives us many explanations on how and why with a lot of evidence to support his writing. Examples of how someone can become an outlier is when and where they were born, their I.Q., family background or also just by being lucky and taking a chance at something.
We learn that even if you have one of the highest I.Q.’s in the world doesn’t make you an outlier and that you can still succeed with a normal I.Q. After the First World War a man named Lewis Terman starting searching for the smartest and most brightest kids In California so he could follow them during the time they grew up to see if they could succeed since they had the potential of it. After the group of “Termites”, grew up an unexpected result came about. “Nor were there any Nobel Prize winners in his exhaustively selected group of geniuses,”( 90). Out of all the students that passed the hardest test he could give them, none of them went on to win a Nobel Prize which is quite surprising considering they were so intelligent but what really throw you off is this. “His fieldworkers actually tested two elementary students who went on to be Nobel Laureates- William Shockley and Luis Alvarez- and rejected them both. Their IQs weren’t high enough,”(90). As you can see just because you don’t have a high IQ doesn’t mean you can’t live your life and accomplish great things like winning a Nobel prize.
To become an Outlier might just rely on where you are born. If you are born at the right time and place you could become just like Bill Gates. coming out of Highschool the computer industry boomed and he was ready with the hours, experience, and  knowledge.  In chapter five we talk about a man Jewish man named Joe Flom and how he became an outlier. In this chapter it says that Joe was a very smart man and did everything he needed to do to get where he wanted to be, a lawyer in a law firm. after finishing his schooling he went to Wall Street to get a job and he was well suited for any but the law firms would take him because of what he looked like and where he was from. Then he had to find another job specializing in “proxy fights”, so during the 1950s and 60s these were needed so his experience came in handy and the same people who wouldn’t give him a job are now asking for his help. What the author is saying is that sometimes to become an outlier it relies on when you were growing up and Joe happened to have the right job at the right time just because he was born around a certain time just like Bill Gates.
    At times our lives rely on complete chance, and chance can play out good or bad. It’s the chances we take that can determine an outcome to the rest of our lives. What if the cure to cancer is trapped inside a mind of a kid that can’t afford an education? What if we gave him or her that chance to learn and find it, they could change the world but only if we gave them that chance. At the end of the book the author talks about a public elementary school that is doing things differently, they are keeping the kids longer school days for more time to learn and extending the school years and having a class on the weekends so that kids can get the chance to succeed. “ She doesn’t need a laptop, a smaller class, a teacher with a PhD, or a bigger apartment. She doesn’t need a higher IQ or a mind as quick as Chris Langan’s. All those things would be nice, of course. But they miss the point. Marita just needed a chance,”(269). As soon as she got the chance to goto a good school where 80% of students go onto private high schools and Top nation Colleges her whole life has changed and she was given the chance to be an outlier.
    There could be even more possibilities on how to become an outlier and there is, someone will find a different way tomorrow and someone else a week later. Through this book we can learn on how to better ourselves by learning what it means to be an outlier and how they can change the world and help us all through their actions just because they were born during a certain time or grew up in the right place or simply because they got the chance too.

 

(Cesar C.) Outliers is one of those books that will leave you startled every chapter by the amount of information that it has. I constantly found myself interacting with the book. For example, Gladwell includes a set of problems from a Raven’s test, an easy one, and an extremely difficult one. Then he encourages you to try and solve them. However, after I read a certain amount of chapters, I nearly predicted what the plot for the incoming chapter was going to be about which kind of took away the suspenseful part in the book. All in all, I would recommend this book if you’re in for a mind-boggling experience that will leave you thinking days after and will change your point of view on how you look at people.